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The second capital (846 AD-1302 AD) of Sri Lanka is a well-preserved city of ancient dagobas, moonstones, beautiful parks, massive buildings and stunningly beautiful statues. The majestic King’s Council Chamber, the Lotus Bath, the Lanka Thilaka Viharaya, the Gal Viharaya (rock temple) and the statue of one of Polonnaruwa’s great kings, Parakramabahu, are a few of this capital’s memorable sights. The Sea of Parakrama – a vast 12th century man-made reservoir dominates the city. Although it is nearly 1000 years old, it is much younger than Anuradhapura, and in much better repair.

When the South Indian Kings ruling the country, the Prince called Keerthi of the Sri lanka formed an army and came to attack. The South Indian King who occupied Anuradhapura. He defeated the South Indian King and become the King of Sri Lanka as Wijebahu the First.

polonnaruwa vatadageDuring Polonnaruwa period lot of developments took place. in irrigation paddy cultivation and agricultural Products.

As a result of this decree and obsession with water conservation and use, the irrigation systems ofPolonnaruwa were some of the most advanced in the entire world. The highlight of these irrigation systems is the immense Sea of Parakrama, which is a reservoir of such immensity that it does in fact appear to be a sea.

Standing on one shore of the reservoir and looking across, one can’t see the other side, and in addition to acting as an amazing source of water for agriculture, it also served as a substantial defensive construct against invaders.

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